Squeezing pimples can release these acne-causing bacteria onto the skin.
Once released, the bacteria thrives on our skin and doubles in numbers quickly.
Our immune system is immediately disadvantaged when overrun by these acne-causing bacteria even popping just one pimple.
Doing it yourself can also cause an infection or darkening of the skin, so it’s best to just not go there!
Squeezing, poking and picking our pimples can cause the bacteria to dig deeper within the pore. This worsens the pimple and can make it stay on the skin longer than it would have – which can lead to permanent scarring.
Permanent Scarring happens when the blocked pore becomes swollen and infected, which starts stretching the pores follicular wall and causing it to break. When the skin eventually heals over, it makes too much skin tissue and which how skin scarring occurs.
Our fingers also carry a variety of bacteria, and when introducing this to the skin’s surface it can infect the pimple with new evil bacteria, causing the pimple it to become even more inflamed and bigger than before.
But what’s worse than that, is other bacteria such as staphylococcus aureus infecting the inflamed pore, aggravating the touched pimple and making new pimples form on the skin – thus the acne cycle continues!
To avoid this happening, try not to touch your face, and if you have to, wash your hands first!
How to Safely Pop A Pimple:
If you have to pop the pimple, here’s how to do it without the bacteria-party starting:
Yes – there is a proper way to do it!
• Alcohol wipes or alcohol to sterilize
• A pin or needle
• A Lighter
1. Wait until the white head forms on the top of the pimple. The white shows that the pus has collected under the surface.
2. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and scrub your nails to avoid spreading bacteria.
3. Get the pin or needle and use a lighter to sterilize it, then dip it in alcohol once it has cooled down.
4. Swab the area you are popping with alcohol, and apply some to your fingers.
5. Dry the fingers and apply tissue to the fingers that you will place on either side of the pimple when squeezing the pus out.
6. Gently push the pin to pierce the top and of the Whitehead.
7. Using the tissue covered fingers, gently squeeze either side of the pimple, pressing around the whitehead but avoiding contact with the whitehead.
8. If pus comes out, good! If it doesn’t, then leave it alone as it is not ready to be popped.
9. Finish by applying alcohol to the open pimple to disinfect it – be careful as it might sting!
All the best with your pimple popping endeavours! But just remember, leaving them alone and using suitable a skincare product that enhances the self-cleaning process is the best way to go.
Struggling with Breakouts?
Our Atopis Acne Prone Skin Cream is a 100% natural and safe way to clear pimples, enhance skin health, and help you to break out of the pimple cycle.
Getting treatment deep down into the pores is what our Acne Prone Skin Cream formula does, as it needs to break down the built-up dirt and slowly bring it to the surface so it can cleanse the pore with help from our immune system.
Once you have started with your Acne Prone Skin Cream, it may take up to two or over three weeks for the skin to restore its normal functions. The Acne Prone Skin Cream ensures that bit by bit bacteria comes to the surface, which is removed by your restored skin microflora and stops future bacteria build-up.
It’s better to have small amounts of the bacteria release over time, so your skin microflora has time to respond and heal the skin.
Everyone’s skin is unique, so depending on your skin type and amount of blocked pores, it will take a different amount of time.
Experiencing a skin condition like Rosacea can often have a significant impact on social and emotional wellbeing.
It’s important to remember that you are not alone, and there are many things you can do to regain control of your skin.
Explore the key known causes and triggers behind Rosacea-prone skin below, so you can begin your journey to healthy and restored skin.
Our answer to healing Rosacea-affected skin is the Atopis Radiant Balance Cream – a steroid-free and 100% organic cream that combats rosacea symptoms; reducing redness, evens out skin tone, and calms inflammatory response.
What Is Rosacea?
Rosacea is a chronic, common inflammatory skin condition that presents as redness of the face.
Most of those dealing with Rosacea tend to present with the following symptoms:
• Flushing – rapid reddening and warmth to the face, neck, and chest
• Hyper-reactive skin – Skin that is incredibly reactive to changes in the skin’s environment
• Persistent redness – usually around the cheeks and forehead
• Pimples, papules, and pustules – can resemble acne (without the presence of blackheads)
• Inflamed blood vessels – can visibly see the capillaries in the affected areas of the skin
• Excess skin around the nose – this is one of the more uncommon symptoms and tends to affect males more than females.
All of the different Rosacea subtypes share similar triggers, these include:
• Excessive consumption of alcohol
• Some foods – particularly spicy food or dairy products
• Caffeine – coffee, tea, and other hot drinks
• Stress – emotional stress can lead to Rosacea flare-ups
• Heat & humidity – high temperatures and humidity levels can trigger Rosacea
• Extremely cold temperatures – cold air is harsh on the skin and can cause flare-ups
• Hot showers/baths or saunas – hot showers and facial steaming can also cause Rosacea to flare-up
The four main types of rosacea include:
• Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea People with this type experience redness and flushing with the blood vessels becoming visible – sometimes looking like tiny spider webs.
• Papulopustular Rosacea Often confused with acne, this type of rosacea presents as redness and swelling with breakouts that resemble teenage acne. Unlike acne, no blackheads appear with this skin condition.
• Phymatous Rosacea Skin with a thick and bumpy texture is indicative of this type of rosacea.
• Ocular Rosacea If you are experiencing redness and irritation in your eyes, and/or swollen eyelids, you may have this type. You may have a burning sensation in one or both eyes, which may also appear bloodshot.
While there are more types of Rosacea, these four are the most common. Another condition to note is Steroid Rosacea, which can be a result of long-term use of corticosteroids. Be sure to limit the use of steroidal skin treatments wherever possible.
How Is Rosacea Different From Other Skin Conditions?
The condition is often mistaken for acne or eczema, but in fact is a distinct skin condition. It’s important to know what skin condition you are experiencing, as the conditions are not treated the same way.
This is the case with eczema and rosacea – steroidal treatments, which are often prescribed for those dealing with eczema, can actually make rosacea symptoms worse. In fact, using potent topical steroids can even cause steroid rosacea.
Below are the key differences between rosacea and other common skin conditions:
• Acne – Acne tends to appear on the face and sometimes the back. Acne tends to be most prevalent in our teens, and for females that get hormonal breakouts around menstruation.
Rosacea, on the other hand, generally affects those aged 30 to 60. Another key difference is blackheads, which are indicative of acne.
• Eczema – Eczema tends to affect young children and improves with age, while rosacea kicks in around 30 years.
Additionally, eczema rashes mainly appear in the skin folds – e.g. behind the knees and inside of the elbows. Rosacea generally only appears on the face, and sometimes the neck, back, and ears.
• Psoriasis – Psoriasis flare-ups tend to be triggered by skin injuries or infections (particularly streptococcal infections), while temperature extremes or even spicy food can trigger a rosacea flare-up.
Like rosacea, psoriasis is characterized by changes in skin texture – however, rosacea appears as red patches whilst scaling and white flakes indicate psoriasis.
Managing Rosacea Skin
Unfortunately, there is currently no known cure for those dealing with rosacea – the symptoms are simply managed.
Here are some things you can do to help manage your symptoms:
• Avoid touching problem areas on the skin – Rosacea-prone skin is hyperactive, and touching can cause blood vessels to dilate
• Protect the skin from harsh weather conditions – Wear a scarf during winter, and remember to slip, slop, slap and wrap during Summer
• Avoid topical steroids – Although this may help in the short-term with facial redness, use of potent topical steroids can actually trigger steroid rosacea
• Moisturise – especially in the affected areas
• Limit alcohol consumption – alcohol can aggravate rosacea
The faulty peptide
The normal function of the cathelicidin peptide is to control vasodilation (blood flow) of the skin and to inhibit the growth of bad bacteria.
For those with rosacea, the cathelicidin peptide is present at much higher concentrations and has a different molecular structure, meaning the peptide no longer functions normally.
An overabundance of the defective peptide induces over-dilation of the blood vessels – which is what causes the intense redness of rosacea skin.
This defective peptide also fails to inhibit the bad bacteria on the skin. This results in skin infections and activates the immune system into an inflammatory mode. The skin enters a hyperreactive state which means it overreacts to normal environmental stimuli such as sunlight, food, drink, and temperature.
Other contributing factors:
Further research into the symptoms of rosacea has determined that those with rosacea have a hyper-reactive sympathetic nervous system that overreacts to environmental triggers. This results in the blood vessels rapidly dilating causing intense reddening of the skin.
The immune system of those with rosacea is also hyperreactive and overreacts to environmental triggers, which develops inflammation of the skin and causes redness, swelling and potentially pain.
To make matters worse there is often an overpopulation of microscopic mites which carry bacteria that irritate the skin, and potentially cause skin infections due to the impaired cathelicidin peptide.
These mites and their bacteria then further aggravate the sensitive skin and trigger the immune system to overreact and thus a vicious cycle is perpetuated.
Having dealt with rosacea herself, award-winning Kiwi scientist Dr. Iona Weir decided to develop a natural solution to help others break out of the rosacea cycle. Here’s how it works:
1. Treats the symptoms The peptides and flavonoids in Radiant Balance work to inhibit over-vasodilation of the blood vessels, and to reduce redness.
2. Inhibits bad bacteria By mimicking the anti-microbial cathelicidin of your skin, the peptide inhibits bad bacteria, stopping those nasty infections that keep you stuck in the rosacea cycle.
3. Reduces overreactions to environmental triggers Other peptilipids within the cream work to calm the immune system and heal the skin.
Radiant Balance contains an equivalent peptide to normal functioning cathelicidin, meaning that the faulty peptide in rosacea skin can function normally. As this is the peptide that controls blood flow to the skin and inhibits bad bacteria, the redness associated with rosacea is reduced.
We’ve done a whole blog post on What Causes Acne – but for now, it’s important to remember there are 3 main causes of Acne:
One of the biggest culprits of acne is fluctuations in your hormones (which is what we’ll be talking about today).
Across a variety of ages, hormones and hormonal imbalances can lead to detrimental effects on our skin. Read more about how your acne can vary as you age here.
For women, acne usually appears in the later stages of the menstrual cycle, so a week before or even during your period.
It can also appear after starting a new form of birth control, hormone replacement therapy through menopause, or as a result of fluctuating hormones and conditions such as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
Androgens (male sex hormones) can fluctuate in level when compounded with stress, fatigue and lack of skin care.
Androgens are the worst perpetrators for causing bad skin because they stimulate the growth of the sebaceous glands and increase sebum levels, making skin oily and causing severe congestion (known as hyperkeratinization).
This condition means dead skin cells don’t slough off naturally and instead clog the skin’s pores.
Cue the entry of bacteria and acne appears as the star of the show.
Though less of a factor than genetics and hormones, your lifestyle can certainly be reflected in your skin.
Poor cleansing (or over cleansing), dehydration, stress, smoking, poor diet and abrasive product use can all be detrimental to your skin.
3. Genetic Makeup
Studies suggest that you’re more likely to struggle with breakouts if your direct relatives have suffered from acne.
Skin types are passed down through your genes and play a key part in how your skin responds to your hormones and how well it deals with sebum (oil), bacteria, anti-inflammatory properties and the regeneration of skin cells.
4 Stages of Hormonal Acne Development:
1. Hormonal Changes
When increases in testosterone or estrogen occur, this increases the production of sebum (oily or waxy matter that lubricates and waterproofs the skin and hair) at the base of the hair follicle.
Over-cleaning the skin, over-exfoliation, or use of astringent cleansers can also lead to the sebum gland overproducing sebum as these actions send the wrong message to the skin that its over dry.
Unlike teenage skin, where cells are being actively renewed causing the greasy appearance due to the increased sebum, with dry, mature skin, the sebum gland produces too much sebum to compensate for the skin’s dryness.
Too much sebum results in the hair follicle becoming blocked (clogged pores).
Excessive cleaning of the blocked pores then causes the sebum gland to produce more sebum and the pores block again.
This means gentle cleaning is critical.
Over-cleaned skin and pores blocked with sebum unbalance your skin’s microflora (your unique mix of good and bad bacteria) as the bad bacteria is fed by the sebum.
This results in what is effectively skin infection.
4. Immune system reaction
The immune system then reacts to the bacteria imbalance and tries to counter the bad bacteria by turning on defense pathways, which can result in an allergenic response on the skin’s surface and pimples appear.
If infection worsens, then a full-blown immune system response occurs and the skin becomes inflamed, hair follicles are blocked, the site contains pus and the sebum gland produces even more sebum creating a severe outbreak.
Why Antibiotics Don’t Work for Hormonal Acne Long Term:
Some of you might have been prescribed antibiotics to kill the acne-creating bacteria, but this also kills the good bacteria, leaving the acne sufferer with no defense against the next bacterial attack.
On top of this, the use of alcohol-based astringents open the pores, clear the blockage but leave the skin dry and inflame pores.
This can take you frustratingly back to step one of the acne cycle.
Break Out of the Hormonal Acne Cycle with Atopis Radiant Balance Cream:
We carry around a vast array of microbes in our gut that are completely unique to us, and these dictate how we digest food, maintain weight, and fight off disease among the many other jobs the microbes have. Our skin is triggered when the gut is at an imbalance and this can show on the skin depending on the skin condition you have.
What is the gut microbiome?
Think of the gut’s microbiome as an inner universe in our gut – it has billions of microbes that all have their own functions to play.
When we are in the womb we receive our gut microbiome from our mother. As we age bacteria in the gut can come and go but the profile will always remain the same.
In the first years after birth, our gut is introduced to new kinds of bacteria that join the diversity in the gut, and studies show this plays an enormous part in how our immune system matures.
When this goes wrong and the immune system does not mature correctly, immune conditions such as food allergies and eczema develop in childhood.
In adult life, if the balance between the immune system and microbiome is destabilized such as through infection, stress or change in diet then this can act as a trigger for immune-associated conditions such as IBS, acne, eczema and food allergies.
This is known as gut dysbiosis and if the imbalance continues then a vicious cycle of gut and skin issues becomes established.
It is very important to understand that there must be an underlying genetic tendency to the skin condition and that the gut dysbiosis is a trigger instead of a cause.
Why is gut health important for acne prone skin?
If your gut microbiome is unbalanced this impacts the skin microbiome, which is why we see the effects of the gut on our skin. The health of our gut affects more than our skin, it also has a direct link to our brain.
Our gut microbiome has also been linked to behavior including anxiety, stress, depression and mood swings. This is because it has an impact on our hormones.
When we feel anxious or stressed, our gut feels it and reacts to the elevated hormone – cortisol – causing excess sebum oil production, excessive gut motility (cramps and diarrhea), and gas.
Anxiety produces the stress hormone cortisol, which in turn plays havoc with all your other hormones. Cortisol encourages your skin to release sebum oil, which can result in inflammation and then finally, dreaded breakouts.
Inflammation occurs when the pore is blocked with excess oils, dead skin and bacteria and this combination form a pimple. Keeping anxiety and stress under control can benefit the skin greatly.
How does gut health influence other skin conditions?
The immune system is regulated by pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. When gut health is poor the gut produces pro-inflammatory cytokines. Cytokines are made by the immune system to ward off infection.
However, if too many are present it inflames the gut. This throws you into a vicious cycle of gut imbalance, hormonal fluctuations, skin issues, weight gain or loss and underlying inflammation.
The inflamed response in the gut shows on the skin dependent on what skin condition you are living with.
Hormonal fluctuations show on the skin as acne and rosacea. Immune conditions show as lupus, eczema, psoriasis, and rosacea.
Various environmental factors, such as stress, anxiety, lack of sleep, diet, and pollutants, will affect the composition within the gut but also the skin microbiome.
Scientific research has found that the gut microbiome in early life is associated with age of onset, severity, remission, flares, and even types of conditions such as eczema, acne, food allergies and rosacea.
Building scientific evidence is indicating that the development of these immune skin and gut conditions appears to be a combination of the microbiome diversity, the immune system and the harmony between the gut and the body.
The Role of Genetics
It is important to appreciate that this microbiome imbalance is not the cause of the development of skin conditions, but instead maybe the trigger or aggravator of the condition. Every skin condition has either an underlying genetic or microbial infection cause.
How can gut health be restored?
Our microbiome is as unique as our fingerprints so what diet or treatment may work for someone does not necessarily mean it will work for you and your unique gut. Keeping a diary on your bowel habits, skin condition, daily wellbeing and what you have eaten will help to determine what is triggering your skin.
Probiotics are essentially us adding foreign bacteria into the gut system, which is a great way to enrich gut health.
It is important to note however that a probiotic that works for one person may not always work for another due to the uniqueness of the bacteria in the gut. An overactive immune system can decide the bacteria are the enemy and attack. It pays to try different probiotics but also to use diet and prebiotics (food for good bacteria) to restore your own natural gut microflora and stabilise your gut immune balance.
It is also important to listen to your body to find out what your body needs and what it does not like. Do not be pressured into thinking you have to give up chocolate, wine or dairy. We are all unique and so is your gut microbiome and immune system. Work out what your gut does and does not like while it is inflamed and remember this will also change with a maturing gut.
How to Enrich Your Gut Health
There’s no denying the gut is interlinked with our skin, brain, and mood. Treating skin conditions requires time and effort to determine the cause and triggers and then find the most suitable plan for yourself.
Here’s some easy tips to start you on the journey to sustainably clear skin and a healthy gut:
• Food Eat an array of plants – a great excuse to try something new, head to the supermarket grab some wholefoods and mix things up! The more plant diversity you’re exposed to, the larger your internal variation of beneficial bacteria will be.
• Fibre is Key Fibre is prebiotic ‘fuel’ for your friendly bacteria, helping it to flourish and multiply. Whole-grains are rich in fibre.
• Fermented Foodsand Drinks They are an easy way to add probiotics to your diet. Unlike prebiotics, which help pre-existing bacteria and microorganisms within you, probiotic foods actually contain live microorganisms that are able to be added to the gut.
• Sleep Poor sleep can affect your gut, and bad gut health can affect your sleep. Studies show that a normal gut flora aids in a natural sleeping pattern (being tired at night and feeling awake during the day). For a good night’s sleep it is essential to take care of your gut, and if you want to boost your gut health then a solid night’s sleep will help. How great is that?!
• Exercise Exercise has the power to alter the gut bacteria composition for the better. Exercise appears to generate butyrate which is known for reducing inflammation. Recent studies have found that those who have higher levels of fitness tend to be more likely to have a more diverse microbiome than the more ‘stationary variety’ of humans.
Atopis – Skin Care That Balances Your Skin From Inside-Out
Enhancing your gut doesn’t just work from the inside out. Since your skin is your biggest organ, it’s important to restore your skin’s natural function with natural skincare products and a routine designed to work in synergy with one another, offering layers of protection and benefits.
The Atopis range is scientifically designed to enhance and strengthen the body’s immune responses, reverse skin damage and promote skin cell repair on a surface and cellular level. Atopis manages and calms the skins’ reaction to environmental triggers, stress, and hormones rebalance and restore your skin’s microflora.
One moment you’re enjoying a healthy and youthful complexion, the next minute, you’re breaking out in all manner of rashes, hormonal acne, dry patches, and skin coloring unevenness – distressing, to say the least.
Are you starting to notice the signs of aging? Our Atopis Anti-Aging Skin Cream has been developed to hydrate, reduce wrinkles and restore skin using 100% natural ingredients.
How To Balance Menopausal Skin
“You don’t know what you’ve got ’till it’s gone” rings particularly true when it comes to mature or menopausal skin.
But it doesn’t have to be like this. If there’s a time when a little TLC is needed, it’s now.
You can’t turn back the clock on your skin’s health – however, you can take care of the present, and start treating your skin with the utmost care from now on.
Menopause causes many changes to your skin, meaning your current skincare routine may no longer meet its changing needs.
Most standard moisturizers are plain water-based and packed with tonnes of fillers, parabens, and alcoholic substances, which dry your sensitive maturing skin even further. This damages it and strips it of its unique microflora. Our article on Always Reading The Label investigates what a majority of beauty and skincare products contain, and what they do to your skin.
By making the switch to high-quality, all-natural products, these products will carry out the much-needed intricate repairs to your skin.
This includes; regenerating and reprogramming the epidermis at the cell, as well as at surface level, to give you the best skin possible for your stage of life.
However, keep in mind that all skincare products are not created equal. As with any scientific breakthrough, there are an increasing number of companies that claim that their products contain ‘all natural’ ingredients.
It’s important to remember that evidence of effectiveness and non-toxicity is very important before you part with your money and put them on your precious skin.
Think of how you’d treat a baby’s skin and what ingredients you would and wouldn’t use on it – that’s how you should treat your own skin.
The Science Of Maturing Skin: The Plant Phenomenon
From birth, our cells are programmed to die and be replaced – it’s how we grow.
But, once we hit menopause, the replacement of cells slows down, and the texture and quality of skin is no longer that of a younger person.
In the plant world, the phenomenon of programmed cell death is called Apoptosis. In my research, I discovered that, not only was the process in plants reversible, but it could also be manipulated and used in skincare for humans, particularly for the needs of menopausal skin conditions.
In my extensive study of New Zealand and Australia’s indigenous plants, I’ve identified and isolated four main natural substances that can be extracted to work together in synergy to reprogramme and repair human skin.
These substances can help repair skin that’s suffering from the effects of menopause, as well as other conditions such as acne, psoriasis, dermatitis, and eczema.
Working from within
First and foremost, we use unpasteurised coconut water – a plant’s equivalent of colostrum (milk produced by mammals during birth), with its rich combination of vitamins and minerals.
Then, we add peptides from biotic reactions of bacteria and insect components in New Zealand native plants, bound with lipids from coconut oil to form the patented Peptilipids™. These have the unique ability to penetrate skin-cell plasma membranes and work from within.
Then, there’s honeydew – a bioactive anti-microbial from beech trees in the Southern Alps of New Zealand – with similar properties to Manuka honey – created by the tree’s natural efforts to defend itself against microbial attack.
Next, bee pollen, which is gently handled using enzymes to destroy all allergens.
Finally, a special combination of selected essential oils: coconut oil, with its Myristic acid to modulate the immune system, protect and heal, and Myracetin for its anti-inflammatory properties, plus kiwifruit seed oil, canola, avocado oil, macadamia nut oil, sweet almond oil, safflower oil, camellia seed oil and jojoba seed oil.
Once extracted, these elements are all fused together to form the patented Myriphytase™ extract, incorporated in the Atopis™ skincare range, safe for everyday use, offering a unique solution to the trials and tribulations of menopausal skin conditions.
How We Can Help Restore Your Aging Skin 100% Naturally
Our Atopis Anti-Aging Cream utilizes these indigenous plant and essential oil extracts as ingredients to formulate a cream that naturally revitalizes your aging skin, restoring your healthy and youthful glow.
The natural ingredients in our product work together to:
1. Intensely hydrate – peptides, lipids, and antioxidants work at the cellular level to hydrate skin.
2. Repair skin – reduces redness from sun damage on face and decolletage and fades age spots, evening skin tone.
3. Plump skin & reduce wrinkles – stimulates collagen production to smooth out wrinkles and lines.