Hormones and hormonal imbalances can affect skin at all different stages of life.
For women, acne usually appears in the later stages of the menstrual cycle, but it can also appear after starting a new form of birth control, hormone replacement therapy through menopause, or as a result of fluctuating hormones and conditions such as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
Androgens can fluctuate greatly when compounded by elevated stress levels, fatigue and lack of skin care. Unfortunately androgens are the worst perpetrators for bad skin because they stimulate the growth of the sebaceous glands and increase sebum levels, making skin oily and causing skin to become congested (meaning dead skin cells don’t slough off naturally and instead clog the skin’s pores).
Some of you might have been prescribed antibiotics to kill the acne-creating bacteria, but this also kills the good bacteria, leaving the acne sufferer with no defense against the next bacterial attack.
On top of this, the use of alcohol-based astringents open the pores, clear the blockage but leave the skin dry and inflame pores.
This can take you frustratingly back to step one of the acne cycle.